Concerns & Benefits
Noticing some of the problems below, but you don't know where they are coming from? Read on for some explanations, causes and advice on what you can do to resolve them
Hard water occurs naturally when water flowing in rivers, streams and even through underground channels, comes in contact with the rock in the Earth's crust. Hardness concentrations vary throughout the country, and are one of the major causes of white scaling and water spotting on glassware. Though not typically visible, hard water can also cause damage to appliances, clothing and even the pipes in the walls of your home. Reducing hardness in your water will help keep your hot water appliances running at high efficiency. 3M brand water softener systems are an effective way to reduce the presence of hardness in your household water.
White scale is a very visible symptom of hard water. The higher the concentration of hardness chemicals in your water, the more white scale you will notice on the ends of faucets and other fixtures. This scale is not easily cleaned with water and requires more aggressive cleaning chemicals to clean off your fixtures. Scale will also develop in appliances, pipes and in your water heater, possibly decreasing the life of these costly appliances and plumbing fixtures.
Musty, fishy, off tastes or poor-tasting water can take many forms and have many causes. Fortunately, most contaminants causing off-tastes can be successfully reduced by installing any of the 3MTM drinking water systems under the kitchen and/or bathroom sinks. You can even reduce the presence of these contaminants by using the 3M Advanced Whole House Filtration System for City Water at the entry to the home, improving the taste of all of your water.
Chlorine Taste and Odor
Chlorine taste and odor is caused by compounds containing chlorine added to municipal water supplies. These compounds are very important and help ensure the water supplied by utilities is free of potentially harmful bacteria. These compounds, though, can cause odors and tastes that many people find objectionable. All of the 3M Clean Water Solutions drinking water systems are tested and certified to effectively reduce chlorine taste and odors.
Rotten Egg Smell
Rotten egg smell in water is often caused by the presence of hydrogen sulfide gas in the water. Hydrogen sulfide gas is naturally occurring; however, when present, it can cause very objectionable smells and can even cause damage to copper pipes and other metal fixtures due to the corrosive nature of hydrogen sulfide. A special test is required to confirm the presence of hydrogen sulfide. If it is present in your water, one of our 3M Iron Reduction Filtration Systems might be a good solution.
Blue, green or blue/green staining on white fixtures and clothing is often caused by the presence of copper in the water. One possible cause of copper in water is low pH. pH measures how balanced water is, and when pH is below 7, water is considered acidic. Acidic water can cause damage to the insides of pipes, resulting in the release of copper from copper pipes. In addition to the resultant staining, low pH can lead to long term pin-hole leaks in piping. The 3M backwash filtration system series models with calcite media is able to raise the pH of water, effectively reducing the potential for water to cause damage and staining.
Red or orange staining usually indicates the presence of iron in water. Though typically not a health concern, most find it very annoying and hard to clean. Iron is a naturally occurring substance water picks up when in contact with the earth's crust. Some levels of iron can be effectively treated by installing a 3M water softener series model: for some homes with higher concentrations of iron, our 3M iron reduction filtration series models would be prescribed.
Black staining is typically a result of manganese in water. Manganese is rare and is quite a nuisance. Like iron, manganese is an element of the Earth's crust. When found, it is not unusual to also find iron present in the water. The 3M iron reduction filtration series models may provide a solution for some manganese problems.
Cloudy water may be caused by the presence of suspended particles in water, or simply attributed to dissolved air (micro-bubbles). If a glass of cloudy water clarifies over time from the bottom of the glass upwards, it usually indicates micro-bubbles. However, if it clarifies over time, from the top down, or does not clear at all, this may indicate the presence of suspended particles. The 3M Advanced Whole House Filtration System for Well Water can effectively reduce the presence of suspended particles, clarifying the water before it reaches your faucet.